The stained glass windows of Chartres Cathedral , built CE, are the most complete group surviving anywhere from the Middle Ages. Several windows date to the midth century CE while over survive from the early 13th century CE. The technique of staining glass for windows using metal oxides dates back to at least the 7th century CE and the churches of the Byzantine Empire. However, the craft really became a refined art in the 12th and 13th centuries CE.
Chartres: the Virgin Mary’s Seat on Earth - Eye Of The Psychic
Chartres Cathedral is seen as one of the most important Gothic cathedrals. It is a mystical place, where alchemists and symbolists have tried to unveil its mysteries — and pilgrims have come for thousands of years, even before the Cathedral was erected. The publication not merely created a renewed interest in the how and the why of the Gothic cathedrals, but also raised the question who Fulcanelli was. Several names have since been put forward, tall stories have been spun, including how Fulcanelli was over a hundred years old, did not die, but instead disappeared. Schwaller, before emigrating to Egypt in the late s, before he tackled the sacred geometry of the Egyptian temples, tackled the symbolism and geometry of the temples of France: the Gothic cathedrals.
Mostly constructed between and , it stands at the site of at least five cathedrals that have occupied the site since Chartres became a bishopric in the 4th century. It is in the Gothic and Romanesque styles. The cathedral has been well preserved. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century. Since at least the 12th century the cathedral has been an important destination for travellers.
Set into a 13th century window, in the south ambulatory of Chartres Cathedral, this image of the Virgin and Child, dated to around , is made up of four panels. The blue halo and clothing of the Virgin Mary are set against a red background. The surrounding panels are 13th century with six panels at the bottom of the window showing scenes from the Marriage feast at Cana, and the bottom three panels depict the three temptations of Christ.