Being the archetype of an organ-specific T-cell-mediated disease, it is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland, damage to the thyroid follicular cells, and impaired ability to produce thyroid hormones. It may be associated with other autoimmune diseases and may arise in the context of congenital chromosomal aberrations. Symptoms of hypothyroidism develop insidiously. In adolescents the most common manifestation is the increase of the glandular volume. The diagnosis is based on the presence of thyroid antibodies and characteristic imaging abnormalities on thyroid ultrasound.
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis In Teenagers: Its Symptoms And Diet Plan
Reviewed by pediatric endocrinologist Andrew J. A low thyroid can interfere with normal growth and development and even put puberty on hold. The fatigue it causes can interfere with performance at school and leave kids without enough energy for sports and play, too. Bauer, co-author of a recent review of childhood thyroid disorders for pediatricians and family doctors published in JAMA Pediatrics. Routine testing at birth uncovers hypothyroidism in one in every 1,, newborns.
Hypothyroidism is the term we use to describe when the thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone to keep the body running normally, i. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is located in the lower front of the neck, just above the collarbone. In children, hypothyroidism can be present at birth a condition called congenital hypothyroidism or it can develop later in childhood. Over time, the inflammation damages the thyroid gland, leading to a gradual decline in thyroid hormone levels. Once the levels drop below the normal level for the person called hypothyroidism , the pituitary gland notices the hypothyroidism and responds by making more TSH to try to make the thyroid gland work harder and increase thyroid hormone levels.
In addition to conducting a physical examination and taking your unique symptoms into account, your doctor will use one or more laboratory tests to diagnose Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This article will cover the 3 most common diagnostic tests that detect this common thyroid disorder: the thyroid-stimulating hormone test, anti-thyroid antibodies tests, and the free T4 hormone test. Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Test A thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH test is a blood test that is one of the go-to tests for diagnosing hypothyroidism. Remember, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism.